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The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD and his Anointed, saying, 3. He who sits in the heavens laughs; the LORD has them in derision. Then he will speak to them in his wrath, and terrify them in his fury, saying, 6. Ask of me, and I will make the nations your heritage, and the ends of the earth your possession. Psalm 2 can be argued to be about David; the authors of Acts and the Epistle to the Hebrews interpreted it as relating to Jesus.
Saint Augustine identifies "the nations [that] conspire, and the peoples [that] plot in vain" as the enemies referred to in Psalm "Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool. Verse 7.
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In Judaism the phrase "Son of God" has very different connotations than in Christianity, not referring to literal descent but to the righteous who have become conscious of God's father of mankind. Christians cite Herod and Pontius Pilate setting themselves against Jesus as evidence that Psalm 2 refers to him. Hebrews employs verse 7 in order to argue that Jesus is superior to the angels, i. Texts vary in the exact wording of the phrase beginning Psalm , with "kiss his foot", and "kiss the Son" being most common in various languages for centuries, though not in original Hebrew Manuscripts such as the Dead Sea Scrolls.
I keep the Lord always within my sight; for he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved. For this reason my heart is glad and my soul rejoices; moreover, my body also will rest secure, for thou wilt not leave my soul in the abode of the dead, nor permit thy holy one to see corruption.
Thou wilt show me the path of life, the fullness of joys in thy presence, and delights at thy right hand forever" Psalms The interpretation of Psalm 16 as a messianic prophecy is common among Christian evangelical hermeneutics. Being therefore a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that he would set one of his descendants upon his throne, he foresaw and spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption.
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This Jesus God raised up, and we are all witnesses of it" Acts 2: Also of note is what Paul said in the synagogue at Antioch. Two of the Gospels Matthew and Mark quote Jesus as speaking these words from the cross; . From the cross, Jesus cried with a loud voice, "Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?
The other two canonical Gospels give different accounts of the words of Jesus. Some scholars see this as evidence that the words of Jesus were not part of a pre-Gospel Passion narrative, but were added later by the Gospel writers. This translation is highly controversial. He guards all his bones: not even one of them shall be broken. Ray Pritchard has described Psalm as a messianic prophecy. Christians believe that this verse refers to Jesus' time on the cross in which he was given a sponge soaked in vinegar to drink, as seen in Matthew , Mark , and John It is quite difficult because verse 3 is totally obscure, and the psalm speakers often.
In Christian interpretation, it is understood as a reference to Jesus, as a messianic and sometimes eschatological psalm; Radak polemicizes against this view" [ citation needed ] 1. Here God is speaking to the king, called my lord ; Perhaps these are the words spoken by a prophet.
The king is very proximate to God, in a position of privilege, imagined as being on His right hand in the Divine Council. The second-in-command was seated to the right of the king in the ancient Near East. Such images are rare in psalms, but see Psalm If the king trods on the back of his enemies see Joshua , they poetically become his "Footstool" 2. In contrast to v. The Zion tradition see Isaiah ; and royal tradition are here connected. While v. Psalm is viewed as messianic in both Jewish and Christian tradition.
For this reason the verse is among those most frequently used by New Testament authors, either as an explicit quotation or as an allusion. In Acts , Peter refers to the similar glorification of Jesus in the context of the resurrection . Psalm The gospel writers interpret the psalm as a messianic prophecy: "while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, saying, 'What do you think of the Christ?
Whose son is he? If David thus calls him Lord, how is he his son?
According to Augustine of Hippo ,: "It was necessary that all this should be prophesied, announced in advance. We needed to be told so that our minds might be prepared. He did not will to come so suddenly that we would shrink from him in fear; rather are we meant to expect him as the one in whom we have believed. I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:" KJV. Hebrews quotes this verse as, "I will be his Father, and he will be my Son.
The phrase as quoted in Hebrews is generally seen as a reference to the Davidic covenant , whereby God assures the king of his continued mercy to him and his descendants.
The Deuterocanonical books are considered canonical by Catholics , Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox , but are considered non-canonical by Jews and Protestants. Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is coming to you; He is just and endowed with salvation, Humble, and mounted on a donkey, Even on a colt, the foal of a donkey. Christian authors have interpreted Zechariah as a prophecy of an act of messianic self-humiliation.
The Synoptic Gospels make clear that Jesus arranged this event, thus consciously fulfilling the prophecy. Matthew describes the prophecy in terms of a colt and a separate donkey, whereas the original only mentions the colt; the reference in Zechariah is a Jewish parallelism referring only to a single animal, and the gospels of Mark , Luke , and John state Jesus sent his disciples after only one animal. In the most ancient Jewish writings Zechariah is applied to the Messiah. Zechariah is another verse commonly cited by Christian authors as a messianic prophecy fulfilled by Jesus.
In some of the most ancient Jewish writings, Zechariah is applied to the Messiah Ben Joseph in the Talmud,  [ need quotation to verify ] and so is verse 12 "The land will wail, each family by itself: The family of the House of David by themselves, and their women by themselves; the family of the House of Nathan by themselves, and their women by themselves" , there being, however, a difference of opinion whether the mourning is caused by the death of the Messiah Ben Joseph, or else on account of the evil concupiscence Yetzer hara. The Gospel of John makes reference to this prophecy when referring to the crucifixion of Jesus, as can be seen in the following account:.
But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe. Among Christian believers, opinion varies as to which Old Testament passages are messianic prophecies and which are not, and whether the prophecies they claim to have been fulfilled are intended to be prophecies.
The authors of these Old Testament "prophecies" often appear to be describing events that had already occurred. For example, the New Testament verse states:.
And so was fulfilled what the Lord had said through the prophet: 'Out of Egypt I called my son. This is referring to the Old Testament verse Hosea However, that passage reads,. Skeptics say that the Hosea passage clearly is talking about a historical event and therefore the passage clearly is not a prophecy. According to modern scholarship, the suffering servant described in Isaiah chapter 53 is actually the Jewish people. As noted above, there is some controversy about the phrase " they have pierced my hands and my feet ".
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For modern Bible scholars, either the verses make no claim of predicting future events, or the verses make no claim of speaking about the Messiah. What is the rationale for distorting the scriptures so flagrantly? Well, the answer, of course, is obvious: the gospel writers were desperate to prove that their man Jesus was the Messiah who had been promised in the Old Testament.
Since there really were no prophecies of a virgin-born, crucified, resurrected Messiah in the Old Testament, they had to twist and distort to give the appearance that Jesus was the long-awaited one. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jewish scripture quoted to support the claim that Jesus is the Messiah.
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