He greets me like an old friend. And looks after me. How I love him! What a fellow! Then he speaks. How small I am. He gives me his photograph.
With a greeting to the Rhineland. Heil Hitler!
Joseph Plumb Martin
I want Hitler to be my friend. His photograph is on my desk. Once Goebbels rose to become a senior Nazi, his diary entries often concerned Nazi policy, such as the extermination of the Jews. In February he wrote:. By Goebbels' extensive diaries filled 20 volumes and he began to realize what a valuable historical resource they would be. From then on, he dictated them to a stenographer and had them kept in an underground vault at Reichsbank, Berlin. In glass plates featuring microfilmed copies of the diaries were buried at Potsdam, where they were later found by the Russians and shipped to Moscow, where they lay until Twenty-nine volumes of the diaries were subsequently published in Germany between and , but so far only some of the diaries from the war years have been published in English.
The vast majority of kamikaze pilots were under the age of 25, conscripted into the army sometimes against their will. One such young man was Hayashi Ichizo, a student who was drafted into the army in aged just In one entry , he admitted he was not entirely convinced of his mission:. However, it is decided for me that I die for the emperor. In another heart-breaking entry , Ichizo yearns to be back with his mother, as a small child:.
And yet, it is already decided for us … Mother, I still want to be loved and spoiled by you. I want to be held in your arms and sleep. Klemperer began keeping a diary in , aged 16, and his diaries span German history from Kaiser Wilhelm II through the Weimar Republic and the rise of the Nazis, ending in communist East Germany. As Hitler was elected on March 30, , he wrote:.
Klemperer was a Professor of Romance Languages at the Technical University of Dresden, but under the Nazis he was forced to give up his position and was even banned from entering the university library. Furthermore, he and his wife were forced to leave their home and move into a mixed house for Jewish people as his wife was non-Jewish , he had his typewriter confiscated, was forced to wear a yellow star, and even had to surrender his cat.
George S. Patton was a U. As a result, Patton was called before President Eisenhower Ike and wrote of the encounter in his diary entry from May 1, :. Ike said General Marshall had told him that my crime had destroyed all chance of my permanent promotion, as the opposition said even if I was the best tactician and strategist in the army, my demonstrated lack of judgment made me unfit to command.
2. “Never think that war, no matter how necessary, nor how justified, is not a crime.”
An almost entirely fictitious army, they were intended to make the Germans think that an invasion was going to land at Pas-de-Calais instead of Normandy. Patton died in after sustaining injuries in a car crash, and his diaries were used to write the memoir War as I Knew It , which was published in Ivan Maisky served as the Russian Ambassador to London from to and during that time kept a fantastically detailed diary.
Maisky was a central player in London society and had connections with top people from Winston Churchill to Lord Beaverbrook. In one diary entry from September 4, , he revealed what happened when he visited Winston Churchill at his country estate:. On the table, apart from the tea, lay a whole battery of diverse alcoholic drinks.
Before using the consolidated lists, researchers should know the congressional district in which the individual lived. If the person lived in a major urban area, a city directory of the period is an effective way of discovering the person's place of residence.
A map of the city, usually used in conjunction with census files, will help determine the congressional district as well as the subdistrict encountered in urban demography. In addition, it helps to know when the person was enrolled.
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George Templeton Strong, for example, lived in the Eighth Congressional District of New York, and from his Diary it is known that he was enrolled in August and that he paid for a substitute. The consolidated lists show these men as having been enrolled but give no clue as to why they did not serve. Answers to such questions should reside with the records of the various districts. Virtually all of the enrollment districts generated registers of enrolled men, lists of substitutes, and records relating to exemptions.
Presumably, the answer as to why Strong, Cleveland, and Rockefeller did not serve resides in one of the series created by the district. After searching several registers and records relating to exempted men, George Templeton Strong's name was discovered in a list of substitutes accepted and enlisted in districts. There close to the bottom of the page stands "G. Strong," whose "Dutch Boy" was substitute Herman Henderman, a young man of twenty-two years. Grover Cleveland, twenty-six at the time of his enrollment in June , paid George Beniski, 10 a thirty-two-year-old Polish immigrant, to serve in his place as a private in the Seventy-sixth New York Infantry.
He, too, survived the war. Rockefeller proved more problematic. Though enrollment officers were diligent in their efforts, they did make errors. In this case, John D. Rockefeller is identified as "John W. When errors were made, efforts to correct then were recorded on "corrections to enrollment" forms and resubmitted.
Corrections to enrollment, like the consolidated lists themselves, are not complete, and those for Rockefeller's district are no longer extant.
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With some cross-referencing, a bit of good luck, and some deductive reasoning, researchers can be reasonably certain that John W. Rockefeller is the Rockefeller in whom they are interested. As the surname is not a common one, few of them appear on the list.
In the Eighteenth District, for example, there were three, one of whom was John's younger brother, William. Rockefeller was twenty-three years of age, a commercial merchant, and was born in New York. This parallels the events of John D. Rockefeller's life, for he was twenty-three at the time, having been born on July 8, , in New York State. In the long and storied year history of the U.
Army, the exploits of Sgt. Alvin C. York on Oct. In battle that day, then-Cpl.
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York killed 25 Germans, captured and knocked out 35 machine guns. After the war, York excelled as a contributing citizen to his community and nation. He worked to improve the lives of the children in his rural Tennessee community, especially in the area of education, and helped promote the homefront war effort during World War II.
His life is a shining example of a Soldier for Life. York came from humble beginnings. He was born on a farm near Pall Mall, Tenn. Raised in poverty as one of 11 children, he worked to help support his family, particularly after the death of his father. He was prone to fighting and drinking as a young man. He became a solid citizen of his community. When the U. York was notified to register. Though he had asked for an exemption from the draft for his religious beliefs, identifying himself as a conscientious objector, his request was denied, and he was subsequently drafted.
He reported to Camp Gordon, Ga. George Buxton, and his company commander, Capt.
Danforth Jr. Granted a pass to go home to ponder his situation in March , York decided to go with his unit to war. He deployed to France in April Before moving to the front, York stayed true to his Christian beliefs, avoiding alcohol, cursing and fighting. His favorite companions were his Bible and his diary.
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