This Barbie set included a scale permanently stuck at lbs, and a small book titled "How To Lose Weight. Starting with their very first toy doll, girls are exposed to highly unrealistic images of female bodies, and are taught to model these images in their own lives.
The ubiquitous Barbie doll is stated to be 5'9" tall and weigh lbs -- about 35 lbs below a healthy weight for a woman of that height. With these proportions, a woman would not have the necessary body fat to menstruate at all, and her body mass index would approach the "severely underweight" range 3.
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The Yale Center for Eating and Weight Disorders has calculated how much an average healthy woman's body would have to change in order for her to have the proportions of a Barbie doll. They found that women would have to grow two feet taller, extend their neck length by 3. No woman could ever hope to achieve such impossible dimensions, and yet young girls are shown that this is a body to emulate 4. The impact of these dolls on the self-image and eating habits of girls is very real, and very measurable. In a psychological study, girls from age 5 to 8 were shown images of either a Barbie doll, or a more realistic "size 16" doll.
Those who saw the Barbie dolls had less self-esteem and worse body image, and had a stronger desire to be thin 5. When girls aged 6 to 10 were assigned to play with either a very thin doll or an average-sized doll, the children who had played with the thin doll ate significantly less food.
The bodies represented by these popular dolls - the toy that every girl must have - are directly influencing how children see themselves, as well as how they feed themselves 5. In an effort to better understand the reality of how far Barbie really is from the average woman, we created an infographic featuring a photo-realistic rendering of what Barbie would look like compared to an average woman, along with an apples to apples comparison of her dimensions to that of average women, anorexic women, and fashion models 6.
Click the link button below to see our work. In a one survey, teen girls were asked what they would wish for if they had three magic wishes. These girls could have wished for anything in the world. Their number one wish? In these teen and women's magazines, advertisements for diets and weight loss programs are 10 times more common than they are in men's magazines.
Girls are being taught to obsess over their appearance, their weight, and whether their bodies are "good enough. The average American woman is 5'4" tall, and weighs lbs. In comparison, the average model is 5'10" tall and weighs only lbs.
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Women are made to believe that these products, essential to their appearance, will only look good on a body that they can't have without seriously endangering their health. The clothes they want to wear are presented as being meant for someone much slimmer, and that's who they seek to become. As the average weight of American women has increased, the weight of models has been steadily decreasing for decades.
In a study of anorexic women in outpatient programs, many reported using fashion and beauty magazines to compare their own bodies to the thin ideal portrayed within. These women were often able to recall highly accurate bodily dimensions and biographical details of the models featured in these magazines, and frequently pointed out specific body parts, such as long legs, that they wished to emulate. Others reported seeking out the exact weight of women portrayed in magazines, and then dedicating themselves to ensuring that their own weight was lower.
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Many would cut out images of the very thinnest women in these magazines, collecting their pictures as "motivators" for their own weight loss. What many women don't realize is that the models in magazines often have bodies that are literally impossible. In recent years, the bodies of abnormally thin models have been even further distorted by the pure fiction of Photoshop. Image retouching has become responsible for the creation of body types that could not be achieved by any real woman.
When photo editors decide that a celebrity's body just isn't a good fit for their magazine, they'll sometimes cut and paste her face onto an entirely different body. The waists of perfectly healthy women are digitally pinched to an unrealistic degree, and their thighs are slimmed down to resemble sticks - the perfect Barbie doll look. If a model's ribs are very visible due to her extremely low weight, editors will brush over them to make them appear less prominent. Women are thus confronted with the conflicting demands of imitating this emaciated look, but without displaying any of the actual emaciation.
Celebrity women themselves have often objected to how their photos have been edited in magazines. On the September cover of Elle, Jessica Simpson's hips were so dramatically pared down that her left one appeared to be entirely absent - even her hair was wider than her hips. In an issue of Self magazine devoted to "Total Body Confidence" and how to "Reach Your Dream Weight," Kelly Clarkson's body was retouched to appear substantially more thin than she actually is, hardly an encouragement for women to be confident with their bodies.
In her Glamour cover shoot, America Ferrera's arms and shoulders were noticeably narrowed, with her skin blurred and glossed into an unrealistic shine. This was the image they chose to use for their "1st Annual Figure-Flattery Issue" - a style created not through any real options available to women, but through the utter unreality of digital embellishment.
Is it any wonder that women suffering from eating disorders often feel that they can never be thin enough? In , the province of Nadroga in Fiji had experienced only one reported case of an eating disorder. Contrary to Western societies, this was a culture that did not idealize ultra-thin body types as desirable. What happened? Starting in , television was introduced to the province. Within three years, the effects of being saturated with diet ads and images of Western models were striking.
In comparison, no girls reported vomiting for weight control in , before television came to Nadroga. Why had their eating habits and self-perception changed so much?
They were taught that dieting, exercise and a slimmer body were necessary for success and achievement in their lives. The Girl Scout Impact Report provides compelling evidence that Girl Scouts has a strong, positive impact on girls, helping them develop into citizens who are responsible, caring and engaged — and prepared for a lifetime of leadership. The Girl Scout Leadership Experience GSLE now focuses on five outcomes, with validated measures that are closely connected to the to the Girl Scout mission and program activities and reflect competencies the youth development field have determined are crucial to helping youth thrive.
To learn about the outcomes revision process and why these outcomes matter, download the fact sheets below. Findings show that Gold Award recipients represent our most successful and engaged—and happiest—Girl Scout alumnae. It illustrates just some of the benefits to Girl Scouts when they participate in STEM programming, particularly in relation to social and emotional impacts.
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More Than S'mores: Successes and Surprises in Girl Scouts' Outdoor Experiences Among key findings of this study are that girls' outdoor experiences are positively linked to their challenge seeking, problem solving, and environmental stewardship. Additionally, when girls get outdoors on a monthly basis in Girl Scouts, doing even casual outdoor activities, they are much more likely to agree that they've learned to recognize their strengths, to do something they thought they couldn't do, and to gain skills that will help them do better in school. Girl Scouting Works: The Alumnae Impact Study This study, conducted in conjunction with Fluent, an independent research firm, reached the following conclusion: women who were Girl Scouts display positive life outcomes pertaining to sense of self, community service, civic engagement, education, and income to a greater degree than women who were not Girl Scouts.
This is the case for all alumnae, across generations, class, and race. Linking Leadership to Academic Success: The Girl Scout Difference The findings from this report demonstrate how Girl Scouting supports academic engagement and achievement, with an emphasis on the role of Girl Scout processes and leadership outcomes in helping girls succeed in school. The findings also reveal that, in some cases, Girl Scout programming has greater benefits for lower-SES girls—that is, girls whose mothers have less than a college education.
A set of "research to action" tip sheets accompanies the report, highlighting how results may be used to enhance program delivery, volunteer training, membership growth, and fundraising. Mapping the Girl Scout Leadership Experience Outcomes to the Search Institute's Youth Developmental Assets By establishing the links between the Girl Scout Leadership Experience and positive youth development, this toolkit allows users to identify broader connections between Girl Scout programming and the goals of funders and other community partners that use the Youth Development Assets framework.
Results show that voters care deeply about issues pertaining to girls in the United States.
The State of Girls: Thriving or Surviving? Having It All: Girls and Financial Literacy While lack of financial literacy is a growing concern for everyone today, relatively little research has been done on how young people think about money, and even fewer studies focus on girls specifically. The revelation: while 90 percent of girls say it is important to learn how to manage money, only 12 percent feel "very confident" making financial decisions.
The takeaway: while there is promising news for girls, many are being left behind. The study finds that girls are interested in these subjects and aspire to pursue careers in related fields, but they need further exposure and education. Real to Me: Girls and Reality TV National research shows that regular reality TV viewers differ dramatically from their non-viewing peers in their expectations of peer relationships, their overall self-image, and their understanding of how the world works.
Findings also suggest that reality TV can function in the lives of girls as a learning tool and as inspiration for getting involved in social causes. The Resilience Factor: A Key to Leadership in African American and Hispanic Girls This discussion paper, generated from national leadership research conducted by the Girl Scout Research Institute, explores the concept of resilience as a framework for developing leadership skills based on recent literature focused on African American and Hispanic girls.
Who's That Girl? Nearly 74 percent of girls believe that most girls use social networking sites to make themselves "cooler than they really are," and the survey also finds that girls downplay positive characteristics—including intelligence and kindness. Want to get involved with Girl Scouts? For Every Girl. Juliette Gordon Low. Executive Team. National Board. The Girl Scout Advocacy Network. Troop Capitol Hill. Portraits in Leadership. Advocacy News. Legislative Agenda. Gold Award Recognition. Lead Like a Girl Scout.
Lifetime of Leadership. Agenda Development Timeline.danardono.com.or.id/libraries/2020-01-21/rufu-real-smartphone-tracker.php
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Proposals and Discussion Topics. Delegate Selection Process. Global Roundtable. State of Girls.
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